Dataset Information
Antarctic Ice Cores: Methyl Chloride and Methyl Bromide
Data DOI:
Cite as
Saltzman, E. et al. (2007) "Antarctic Ice Cores: Methyl Chloride and Methyl Bromide" U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) Data Center. doi:
AMD - DIF Record(s)
This data set is an analysis of methyl chloride (CH3Cl) and methyl bromide (CH3Br) in Antarctic ice core samples. Investigators reported mixing ratios of methyl chloride gas extracted from samples taken from the South Pole Remote Earth Science and Seismological Observatory (SPRESSO) core, drilled as part of the International Trans Antarctic Science Expedition (ITASE). This data covers an age range of 2159 - 140 years before present (Y.B.P.) where the year 2000 was used as present. Investigators analyzed trace gases in ice core samples from Siple Dome, West Antarctica (dry-drilled C core and deep, fluid-drilled A core) and from South Pole, Antarctica (300 m dry drilled SPRESSO core). Data are available in Microsoft Excel format and are available via FTP.
Saltzman, Eric; Aydin, Murat; Williams, Margaret; Tatum, Cheryl
Date Created:
USAP-DC (current) - NSIDC (original)
Spatial Extent(s)
West: -144.39, East: -144.39, South: -89.93, North: -89.93
  1. Saltzman, E. S., M. Aydin, W. J. De Bruyn, D. B. King, and S. A. Yvon-Lewis. 2004. Methyl bromide in preindustrial air: measurements from an Antarctic ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 109. No. D5, D0530, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004157. (doi:10.1029/2003JD004157)
  2. Aydin, M., E. S. Saltzman, W. J. De Bruyn, S. A. Montzka, J. H. Butler, and M. Battle. 2004. Atmospheric variability of methyl chloride over the last 300 years from an Antarctic ice core and firn air. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 31. L02109, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018750. (doi:10.1029/2003GL018750)
  3. Williams, M. B., M. Aydin, C. Tatum, and E. S. Saltzman. 2007. A 2000-Year Atmospheric History of Methyl Chloride from a South Pole Ice Core: Evidence for Climate-Controlled Variability. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L07811, doi:10.1029/2006GL029142. (doi:10.1029/2006GL029142)
  4. Butler, J.H., M. Battle, M. Bender, S.A. Montzka, A.D. Clarke, E.S. Saltzman,, C. Sucher, J. Severinghaus, and J.W. Elkins. 1999. A twentieth century record, of atmospheric halocarbons in polar firn air. Nature 399:749-765. (doi:10.1038/21586)
  5. Battle, M. et al. 1996. Atmospheric Gas Concentrations over the Past Century Measured in Air from Firn at the South Pole. Nature 383, 231-235. (doi:10.1038/383231a0)
  6. Aydin, M., W. J. De Bruyn, and E. S. Saltzman. 2002. Preindustrial Atmospheric Carbonyl Sulfide (OCS) from an Antarctic Ice Core. Geophysical Research Letters 29(9), 1359. (doi:10.1029/2002GL014796)
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