Dataset Information
Antarctic Ice Velocity Data
Data DOI:
Cite as
Bindschadler, R., & Raymond, C. (2004) "Antarctic Ice Velocity Data" U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) Data Center. doi:
AMD - DIF Record(s)
This compilation of recent ice velocity data of the Antarctic ice sheet is intended for use by the polar scientific community. The data are presented in tabular form (ASCII), containing latitude, longitude, speed, bearing, and error ranges. A metadata header describes the source of the data, the time of measurement, and gives details on measurement accuracy and precision. The tables are available for ftp transfer. Web pages developed specifically for this data set provide detailed information for viewing and selecting the velocity data. These pages contain large satellite image maps (available as jpeg files). The data sets used to create these images were contributed by several investigators, generally from already published work. Both in situ and image-based methods are used. References for the data sets are included with the data tables. If you have well-characterized Antarctic ice velocity data you would like to contribute to this site, please contact If you have any questions concerning the relevance of these data to your work please contact NSIDC User Services.
Bindschadler, Robert; Scambos, Ted
Date Created:
USAP-DC (current) - NSIDC (original)
Spatial Extent(s)
West: -180, East: 180, South: -90, North: -50
Temporal Extent(s)
Start: 1975-01-01 - End: None
  1. Smith, A.S, 1986. Ice rumples on Ronne Ice Shelf. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 72:47-52.
  2. Morris, E.M., 1995. Deployment of reflectors for SAR interferometry. Sledge India field report. BAS R/1994/S6., Moller, D., B. Reidel and B. Ritter. 1992. Strain and velocity dertermination on Ronne Ice Shelf. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 6:61-68.
  3. Ferrigno, J.G., B.K. Lucchitta, K.F. Mullins, A.L. Allison, R.J. Allen and W.G. Gould. 1993. Velocity measurements and changes in position of Thwaites Glacier/iceberg tongue from aerial photography, Landsat images and NOAA AVHRR data. Ann. Glaciol. 17:239-244., Ferrigno, J.G., J.L. Mullins, J. Stapleton, P.S. Chavez, Jr., M.G. Velasco, R.S. Williams, Jr., G.F. Delinski, Jr., and D. Lear. 1996. Satellite Image Map of Antarctica. USGS Miscellaneous Investigations Series, Map I-2560.
  4. Ferrigno, J.G., J.L. Mullins, J. Stapleton, R.A. Bindschadler, T.A. Scambos, L.B. Bellisime, J. Bowell and A.V. Acosta. 1994. Landsat TM image maps of the Shirase and Siple Coast ice streams, West Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 20:407-412.
  5. Gerdau, H.W. and H.W. Schenke. 1984. Doppler Satellite observations of point drift rates for German research stations in the Antarctic. Zeitschrift fur Vermessungswesen. 109(4S):161-175.
  6. Lucchitta, B.K., C.E. Smith, J.A. Bowell and K.F. Mullins. 1994. Velocities and mass balance of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Derived from ERS-1 SAR images. Proceedings Second ERS-1 Symposium-Space at the Service of our Environment. Hamburg, Germany, 11 - 14 October 1993. ESA SP-361(January 1994):147-51.
  7. Reidel, B., A. Karsten, B. Ritter and W. Niemeier. 1995. Geodetic fieldwork along Foundation Ice Stream. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 9:101-05., Roth, A., T. Hugel, M. Matschke and G. Schreier. 1993. Experiences with ERS-1 SAR compositional accuracy. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, August 1993. Tokyo Japan, Proc. 3:1450-52.
  8. Sievers, J., A. Grindel and W. Meier. 1989. Digital satellite image mapping of Antarctica. Polarforschung. 59:23-33.
  9. Thomas, R.H., D.R. MacAyeal, D.H. Eiilers, and D.R. Gaylord. 1984. Glaciological Studies on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, 1972-1978. The Ross Ice Shelf: Glaciology and Geophysics Antarctic Research Series. Volume 42(Paper 2):21-53.
  10. Vaughan, D.G., and M. Jonas. 1996. Measurements of velocity of Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 10:111-16., Vaughan, D.G. 1994. Glacier geophysical fieldwork on Ronne Icee Shelf in 1992/93. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 7:37-39.
  11. Vaughan, D.G., J. Sievers, C.S.M. Doake, H. Hinze, D.R. Mantripp, H. Sandhager, H.W. Schenke, A. Solheim and F. Thyssen. 1995. Subglacial and seabed topography, ice thickness and water column thickness in the vicintiy of Filchner-Ronne-Schelfeis, Antarctica. Polarforschung. 62(2):75-88.
  12. Hinze, H. 1990. Zum Einsatz von Statelliten-Positionierungsverfahren fur glaziologische Aufgaven in der Antarktis. Thesis Doktor-Ingenieur. Hanover, Germany.
  13. Stephenson, S.N. and R.A. Bindschadler. 1988. Observed velocity fluctuations on a major Antarctic ice stream. Nature. 334:695-97. (doi:10.1038/334695a0)
  14. Lucchitta, B.K. and H.M. Ferguson. 1986. Antarctica: measuring glacier velocity from satellite images. Science, 234(4780):1105-08. (doi:10.1126/science.234.4780.1105)
  15. Lucchitta, B.K., C.E. Rosanova and K.F. Mullins. 1995. Velocities of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, from ERS-1 SAR images. Ann. Glaciol. 21:277-83. (doi:10.3189/S0260305500015949)
  16. Bindschadler, R.A. and P. Vornberger. 1998. Changes in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet since 1963 from declassified satellite photography. Science. 279:689-92., Bindschadler, R.A. 1997. Actively surging West Antarctic ice streams and their response characteristics. Ann. Glaciol. 24:409-14.
  17. Crabtree, R.D and C.S.M. Doake. 1980. Flowlines on Antarctic Ice Shelves. Pol. Rec. 20(124):31-37., Doake, C.S.M. 1985. Glaciological evidence: Antarctic Peninsula, Weddell Sea. In: Glacier, Ice Sheets, and sea level: Effect of a CO2 Induced Climate Change. US D.O.E. Report. DOE/EV/60235-1, 197-209.
  18. Swithinbank, C.M.W., K. Brunk and J. Sievers. 1988. A Glaciological map of Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 11:150-55. (doi:10.3189/S0260305500006467)
  19. Bindschadler, R.A. and T.A. Scambos. 1991. Satellite-image-derived velocity field of an Antarctic ice stream. Science. 252:242-46. (doi:10.1126/science.252.5003.242 )
  20. Bindschadler, R.A., P. Vornberger, D. Blankenship, T. Scambos and R. Jacobel. 1996. Surface velocity and mass balance of Ice Streams D and E, West Antarctica J. Glaciol. 42(142):461-75. (doi:10.3189/S0022143000003452)
  21. Jacobs, S.S., H.H. Helmer, C.S.M. Doake, A. Jenkins, and R.M. Frolich. 1992. Melting of ice shelves and the mass balance of Antarctica. J. Glaciol. 38(130):375-87. (doi:10.3189/S0022143000002252)
  22. Lange, M.A. and H. Kohnen. 1985. Ice front fluctuations in the eastern and southern Weddell Sea. Ann. Glaciol. 6:187-91. (doi:10.3189/1985AoG6-1-187-191)
  23. Lange, M.A. 1987. Quantitative estimates of the mass flux and ice movement along the ice edges in the eastern and southern Weddell Sea. In: Dynamics of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, 57-74. Dortrecht, Holland:Reidel Publishing. (doi:10.1007/978-94-009-3745-1_4)
  24. Scambos, T.A. and R.A. Bindschadler. 1993. Complex ice stream flow revealed by sequential satellite imagery. Ann. Glaciol. 17:177-82. (doi:10.3189/S0260305500012805)
  25. Scambos, T.A., K.A. Echelmeyer, M.A. Fahnestock and R.A. Bindschadler. 1994. Development of enhanced ice flow at the southern margin of Ice Stream D, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 20:313-18. (doi:10.3189/1994AoG20-1-313-318)
  26. Shabtaie, S. and C.R. Bentley. 1987. West Antarctic ice streams draining into the Ross Ice Shelf: configuration and mass balance. J. Geophys. Res. 92(B2):1311-36. (doi:10.1029/JB092iB02p01311)
  27. Shabtaie, S., C.R. Bentley, R.A. Bindschadler and D.R. MacAyeal. 1988. Mass-balance studies of Ice Streams A, B, and C, West Antarctica, and possible surging behavior of Ice Stream B. Ann. Glaciol. 11:137-49. (doi:10.3189/S0260305500006455)
  28. Whillans, I.M., J. Bolzan and S. Shabtaie. 1987. Velocity of Ice Streams B and C, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res. 92(B9):8895-902. (doi:10.1029/JB092iB09p08895)
  29. Hutchinson, M.F. 1993. Development of a continent-wide DEM with applications to terrain and climate analysis. In Environmental Modeling with GIS. Ed. M.F. Hutchinson et al. New York: Oxford University Press.
  30. Jenkins, A. and C.S.M. Doake. 1991. Ice-OOcean interaction on Ronne Ice Shelf. J. Geophys. Res. 96 (C1):791-813., Lange, M.A. 1985. Variation of the ice edge postion in the eastern and southern Weddell Sea. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 2:26-31.
  31. Lucchitta, B.K., L.M. Bertolini, J.G. Ferrigno and R.S. Williams Jr. 1991. Monitoring the dynamics of the Antarcitc coastline with Landsat images. Antarct. J. U.S. 26(5):316-17.
  32. Whillans, I.M. and C.J. Van Der Veen. 1993. New and improved determinations of velocity of Ice Streams B and C, West Antarctica. J. Glaciol. 39:483-90. (doi:10.3189/S0022143000016373)
  33. Lucchitta, B.K., K.F. Mullins, A.L. Allison and J.G. Ferrigno. 1993. Antarctic glacier-tongue velocities from Landsat images: first results. Ann. Glaciol. 17:356-66. (doi:10.3189/S0260305500013100)
  34. Scambos, T.A., M.J. Dutkiewicz, J.C. Wilson and R.A. Bindschadler. 1992. Application of image cross-correlation to the measurement of glacier velocity using satellite image data. Remote Sensing Environ. 42(3):177-186. (doi:10.1016/0034-4257(92)90101-O)
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