Dataset Information
Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records
Data DOI:
Cite as
Shuman, C. A., & Stearns, C. R. (2006) "Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records" U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) Data Center. doi:
AMD - DIF Record(s)
This data set includes daily, monthly, and yearly mean surface air temperatures for four interior West Antarctic sites between 1978 and 1997. Data include air surface temperatures measured at the Byrd, Lettau, Lynn, and Siple Station automatic weather stations. In addition, because weather stations in Antarctica are difficult to maintain, and resulting multi-decade records are often incomplete, the investigators also calculated surface temperatures from satellite passive microwave brightness temperatures. Calibration of 37-GHz vertically polarized brightness temperature data during periods of known air temperature, using emissivity modeling, allowed the investigators to replace data gaps with calibrated brightness temperatures. MS Excel data files and GIF images derived from the data are available via ftp from the National Snow and Ice Data Center.
Shuman, Christopher A.; Stearns, Charles R.
Date Created:
USAP-DC (current) - NSIDC (original)
Spatial Extent(s)
West: -174.45, East: -174.45, South: -82.52, North: -82.52
West: 160.41, East: 160.41, South: -74.21, North: -74.21
West: -119.4, East: -119.4, South: -80.01, North: -80.01
West: -84, East: -84, South: -75.9, North: -75.9
Temporal Extent(s)
Start: 1978-10-25 - End: 1997-12-31
  1. Maslanik, J.A., J.R. Key, and R.G. Barry. 1989. Merging AVHRR and SMMR data for remote sensing of ice and cloud in polar regions. International Journal of Remote Sensing 10:1691-1696. (doi:10.1080/01431168908904000)
  2. Shuman, C.A., R.B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, and C.R. Stearns. 1995. An empirical technique for estimating near-surface air temperatures in central Greenland from SSM/I brightness temperatures. Remote Sensing of the Environment 51:245-252. (doi:10.1016/0034-4257(94)00086-3)
  3. Shuman, C.A., and C.R. Stearns. 2001. Decadal-length composite inland West Antarctic temperature records. Journal of Climate 14:1977-1988. (doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1977:DLCIWA>2.0.CO;2)
  4. Stearns, C.R., L.M. Keller, G.A. Weidner, and M. Sievers. 1993. Monthly Mean Climatic Data for Antarctic Automatic Weather Stations. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 61:1-21. (doi:10.1029/AR061p0001)
  5. Stearns, C.R., and G.A. Weidner. 1993. Sensible and Latent Heat Flux Estimates in the Antarctic. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 61:109-138.
Supplemental Docs
Data Files

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MD5 Checksum: 564f31dc06ea1847925b92b01d9c48d1 File Type: Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)

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MD5 Checksum: a5c238eec50ae828b1695e16ae247510 File Type: Microsoft Excel

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MD5 Checksum: 2fc4e850d8bd76ca26523bcb73286ab1 File Type: Microsoft Excel

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