Project Information
Application of Year of Polar Prediction- Southern Hemisphere (YOPP-SH) Observations for Improvement of Antarctic Numerical Weather Prediction
Short Title:
Antarctic NWP
Start Date:
End Date:
Project Website(s)
This research will take advantage of the greater number of Antarctic weather observations collected as part of the World Meteorological Organization's "Year of Polar Prediction". Researchers will use these additional observations to study new ways of incorporating data into existing weather prediction models. The primary goal of this research is to improve the accuracy of weather forecasts in Antarctica. This work is important, as the harsh weather in Antarctica greatly impacts scientific research and the support of this research. Being able to accurately predict changing weather increases the safety and efficiency of Antarctic field science and operations. The proposed effort seeks to advance goals of the World Meteorological Organization's Polar Prediction Project and its Year of Polar Prediction-Southern Hemisphere (YOPP-SH) effort. Researchers will investigate and demonstrate the forecast impact of enhanced atmospheric observations obtained from YOPP-SH's Special Observing Period on polar numerical weather prediction. This will be done by using the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS). AMPS is the primary numerical weather prediction capability for the United States Antarctic Program (USAP). Modeling experimentation will assess the impact of Special Observing Period data on Antarctic forecasts and will serve as a vehicle for testing new data assimilation approaches for AMPS. The primary goal for this work is improved forecasting and numerical weather prediction tools. Outcomes will include quantification of the value of enhanced southern hemisphere atmospheric observations. This work will also help improve AMPS and its ability to support the USAP. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.
Person Role
Bromwich, David Investigator and contact
Powers, Jordan Investigator
Manning, Kevin Technical Contact
Antarctic Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences Award # 1823135
AMD - DIF Record(s)
Data Management Plan
None in the Database
Product Level:
4 (model output and interpretations)
Repository Title (link) Format(s) Status
PI website YOPP-SH Analysis and Forecast Results. Not Provided exists
  1. Bromwich, D. H., K. Werner, B. Casati, J. G. Powers, I. V. Gorodetskaya, F. Massonnet, V. Vitale, V. J. Heinrich, D. Liggett, S. Arndt, B. Barja, E. Bazile, S. Carpentier, J. F. Carrasco, T. Choi, Y. Choi, S. R. Colwell, R. R. Cordero, M. Gervasi, T. Haiden, N. Hirasawa, J. Inoue, T. Jung, H. Kalesse, S.-J. Kim, M. A. Lazzara, K. W. Manning, K. Norris, S.-J. Park, P. Reid, I. Rigor, P. M. Rowe, H. Schmithüsen, P. Seifert, Q. Sun, T. Uttal, M. Zannoni, and X. Zou, 2020: The Year of Polar Prediction in the Southern Hemisphere (YOPP-SH). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E1653-E1676. (doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0255.1)
  2. Zou, X., Bromwich, D. H., Montenegro, A., Wang, S., & Bai, L. (2021). Major surface melting over the Ross Ice Shelf part I: Foehn effect. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 147(738), 2874–2894. Portico. (doi:10.1002/qj.4104)
  3. Zou, X., Bromwich, D. H., Montenegro, A., Wang, S., & Bai, L. (2021). Major surface melting over the Ross Ice Shelf part II : Surface energy balance. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 147(738), 2895–2916. Portico. (doi:10.1002/qj.4105)
  4. Corvalán, C., Espinoza Pérez, A. T., Díaz‐Robles, L. A., Cubillos, F., Vallejo, F., Gómez, J., Pino‐Cortés, E., Espinoza‐Pérez, L., Pelz, S. K., Paczkowski, S., Rumberg, M., Carrasco, S., Silva, J., Lapuerta, M., Cereceda‐Balic, F., Pazo, A., Monedero, E., & Meriño, J. F. (2021). Life cycle assessment for hydrothermal carbonization of urban organic solid waste in comparison with gasification process: A case study of Southern Chile. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 40(6). Portico. (doi:10.1002/ep.13688)
  5. Cerovečki, I., Sun, R., Bromwich, D. H., Zou, X., Mazloff, M. R., & Wang, S.-H. (2022). Impact of downward longwave radiative deficits on Antarctic sea-ice extent predictability during the sea ice growth period. Environmental Research Letters, 17(8), 084008. (doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac7d66)
  6. Bromwich, D. H., Powers, J. G., Manning, K. W., & Zou, X. (2022). Antarctic data impact experiments with Polar <scp>WRF</scp> during the <scp>YOPP‐SH</scp> summer special observing period. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 148(746), 2194–2218. Portico. (doi:10.1002/qj.4298)
  7. Orr, A., Deb, P., Clem, K. R., Gilbert, E., Bromwich, D. H., Boberg, F., Colwell, S., Hansen, N., Lazzara, M. A., Mooney, P. A., Mottram, R., Niwano, M., Phillips, T., Pishniak, D., Reijmer, C. H., van de Berg, W. J., Webster, S., & Zou, X. (2023). Characteristics of Surface “Melt Potential” over Antarctic Ice Shelves based on Regional Atmospheric Model Simulations of Summer Air Temperature Extremes from 1979/80 to 2018/19. Journal of Climate, 36(10), 3357–3383. (doi:10.1175/jcli-d-22-0386.1)
Platforms and Instruments

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