IEDA
Project Information
Physiological Ecology of "Herbivorous" Antarctic Copepods
Start Date:
2018-09-15
End Date:
2021-08-31
Description/Abstract
Polar marine organisms have adapted to dramatic seasonal changes in photoperiod, light intensity, and ice cover, as well as to cold but stable thermal environments. The western Antarctic Peninsula, the focal region for the field studies, has experienced rapid warming and ice melt. While it is difficult to predict exactly how physical conditions in this region will change, effects on species distributions have already been documented. Large Antarctic copepods in the families Calanidae and Rhincalanidae are dominant components of the mesozooplankton that use different metabolic and behavioral strategies to optimize their use of a highly seasonal food supply. The overall goal of this project is to leverage molecular approaches to examine the physiological and metabolic adaptations at the individual and species level. The project focuses on three main objectives: the first objective is to characterize the gene complement and stage-specific gene expression patterns in Antarctic copepods within an evolutionary context. The second objective is to measure and compare the physiological and molecular responses of juvenile copepods to variable feeding conditions. The third objective is to characterize metabolic variation within natural copepod populations. The metabolically diverse Antarctic copepods also provide an excellent opportunity to compare mechanisms regulating energy storage and utilization and to test hypotheses regarding the roles of specific genes. The field studies will aim to utilize information from an ongoing long term research program (the Palmer Long-Term Ecological Research), which complements the ongoing program and provides extensive context for this project. To make the data more useful to the research community, a database will be developed facilitating comparison of transcriptomes between copepod species. This project will provide hands-on training opportunities to graduate and undergraduate students. Efforts will be made to recruit students who are members of underrepresented minorities. Results and scientific concepts will be broadly disseminated through an expedition blog, undergraduate student programs, and public presentations.
Personnel
Person Role
Tarrant, Ann Investigator and contact
Funding
Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Award # 1746087
AMD - DIF Record(s)
Deployment
Deployment Type
LMG-1901 ship expedition
Data Management Plan
Product Level:
0 (raw data)
Publications
  1. Berger, C.A., Steinberg, D.K., Copley, N.J. and Tarrant, A.M., 2021. De novo transcriptome assembly of the Southern Ocean copepod Rhincalanus gigas sheds light on developmental changes in gene expression. Marine Genomics, p.100835. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margen.2021.100835)
  2. Tarrant, A.M., Nilsson, B. and Hansen, B.W., 2019. Molecular physiology of copepods-from biomarkers to transcriptomes and back again. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, 30, pp.230-247. (doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbd.2019.03.005)
  3. Skottene, E., Tarrant, A.M., Olsen, A.J., Altin, D., Østensen, M.A., Hansen, B.H., Choquet, M., Jenssen, B.M. and Olsen, R.E., 2019. The β-oxidation pathway is downregulated during diapause termination in Calanus copepods. Scientific Reports, 9(1), pp.1-13. (doi:http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53032-5)
  4. Skottene, E., Tarrant, A.M., Olsen, A.J., Altin, D., Hansen, B.H., Choquet, M., Olsen, R.E. and Jenssen, B.M., 2019. A crude awakening: Effects of crude oil on lipid metabolism in calanoid copepods terminating diapause. The Biological Bulletin, 237(2), pp.90-110. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1086/705234)
  5. Lenz PH, Roncalli V, Cieslak M, Tarrant AM, Castelfranco AM, Hartline DK. (2021) Reproductive vs. diapause programs: transcriptional phenotypes of pre-adult Calanus finmarchicus. Communications Biology 4(1): 1-13. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-01946-0)
  6. Skottene E, Tarrant AM, Altin D, Olsen RE, Choquet M, Kvile KØ. (2020) Lipid metabolism in Calanus finmarchicus is sensitive to variations in predation risk and food availability. Scientific Reports 10:22322, (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-79165-6)
  7. Lenz, P. H., Roncalli, V., Cieslak, M. C., Tarrant, A. M., Castelfranco, A. M., & Hartline, D. K. (2021). Diapause vs. reproductive programs: transcriptional phenotypes in a keystone copepod. Communications Biology, 4(1). (doi:10.1038/s42003-021-01946-0)
  8. Skottene, E., Tarrant, A. M., Altin, D., Olsen, R. E., Choquet, M., & Kvile, K. Ø. (2020). Lipid metabolism in Calanus finmarchicus is sensitive to variations in predation risk and food availability. Scientific Reports, 10(1). (doi:10.1038/s41598-020-79165-6)
  9. Tarrant, A. M., Nilsson, B., & Hansen, B. W. (2019). Molecular physiology of copepods - from biomarkers to transcriptomes and back again. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part D: Genomics and Proteomics, 30, 230–247. (doi:10.1016/j.cbd.2019.03.005)
  10. Berger, C. A., Steinberg, D. K., Copley, N. J., & Tarrant, A. M. (2021). De novo transcriptome assembly of the Southern Ocean copepod Rhincalanus gigas sheds light on developmental changes in gene expression. Marine Genomics, 58, 100835. (doi:10.1016/j.margen.2021.100835)
Platforms and Instruments

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