Project Information
Collaborative Research: Integrated High Resolution Chemical and Biological Measurements on the Deep WAIS Divide Core
WAIS Divide Ice Core
This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5).

This award supports a project to use the WAIS Divide deep core to investigate the Last Deglaciation at sub-annual resolution through an integrated set of chemical and biological analyses. The intellectual merit of the project is that these analyses, combined with others, will take advantage of the high snow accumulation WAIS Divide site yielding the highest time resolution glacio-biogeochemical and gas record of any deep Antarctic ice core. With other high resolution Greenland cores (GISP2 and GRIP) and lower resolution Antarctic cores, the combined record will yield new insights into worldwide climate dynamics and abrupt change. The proposed chemical, biological, and elemental tracer measurements will also be used to address all of the WAIS Divide science themes. The broader impacts of the project include education and outreach activities such as numerous presentations to local K-12 students; opportunities for student and teacher involvement in the laboratory work; a teacher training program in Earth sciences in the heavily minority Santa Ana, Compton, and Costa Mesa, California school districts; and development of high school curricula. Extensive graduate and undergraduate student involvement also is planned and will include one post doctoral associate, one graduate student, and undergraduate hourly involvement at DRI; a graduate student and undergraduates at University of California, Irvine (UCI); and a post doctoral fellow at MSU. Student recruitment will be made from underrepresented groups building on a long track record of involvement and will include the NSF funded California Alliance for Minority Participation (CAMP) and the Montana American Indian Research Opportunities (AIRO).

This award does not involve field work in Antarctica.
Person Role
McConnell, Joseph Investigator
Priscu, John C. Investigator
Foreman, Christine Co-Investigator
Skidmore, Mark Co-Investigator
Saltzman, Eric Investigator
Antarctic Glaciology Award # 0839122
Antarctic Glaciology Award # 0839093
Antarctic Glaciology Award # 0839075
Data Management Plan
None in the Database
  1. Sigl, M., Fudge, T. J., Winstrup, M., Cole-Dai, J., Ferris, D., McConnell, J. R., … Sowers, T. A. (2015). The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology – Part 2: Annual-layer counting (0–31 ka BP). Climate of the Past Discussions, 11(4), 3425–3474. (doi:10.5194/cpd-11-3425-2015)
  2. Fegyveresi, J. M., Alley, R. B., Fitzpatrick, J. J., Cuffey, K. M., McConnell, J. R., Voigt, D. E., … Stevens, N. T. (2016). Five millennia of surface temperatures and ice core bubble characteristics from the WAIS Divide deep core, West Antarctica. Paleoceanography, 31(3), 416–433. (doi:10.1002/2015pa002851)
  3. Arienzo, M. M., McConnell, J. R., Murphy, L. N., Chellman, N., Das, S., Kipfstuhl, S., & Mulvaney, R. (2017). Holocene black carbon in Antarctica paralleled Southern Hemisphere climate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(13), 6713–6728. (doi:10.1002/2017jd026599)
  4. McConnell, J. R., Burke, A., Dunbar, N. W., Köhler, P., Thomas, J. L., Arienzo, M. M., … Winckler, G. (2017). Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ∼17.7 ka plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 10035–10040. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1705595114)
  5. Rhodes, R. H., Brook, E. J., McConnell, J. R., Blunier, T., Sime, L. C., Faïn, X., & Mulvaney, R. (2017). Atmospheric methane variability: Centennial-scale signals in the Last Glacial Period. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(3), 575–590. (doi:10.1002/2016gb005570)
  6. Santibanez, P. A., Maselli, O. J.,, Greenwood, M. C., Grieman, M., Saltzman, E.S., McConnell, J.R, & Priscu, J.C. (2017). Prokaryotes in the WAIS Divide ice core reflect source and transport changes between Last Glacial Maximum and the early Holocene. Accepted at Global Change Biology. (doi:10.1111/gcb.14042)
  7. Kwon, M., Kim, M., Takacs-Vesbach, C., Lee, J., Hong, S. G., Kim, S. J., … Kim, O.-S. (2017). Niche specialization of bacteria in permanently ice-covered lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology, 19(6), 2258–2271. (doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13721)
  8. Grieman, M. M., Aydin, M., McConnell, J. R., & Saltzman, E. S. (2018). Burning-derived vanillic acid in an Arctic ice core from Tunu, northeastern Greenland. Climate of the Past, 14(11), 1625–1637. (doi:10.5194/cp-14-1625-2018)
  9. Grieman, M. M., Aydin, M., McConnell, J. R., & Saltzman, E. S. (2018). Burning-derived vanillic acid in an Arctic ice core from Tunu, Northeastern Greenland. (doi:10.5194/cp-2018-46)
  10. Sigl M, Fudge TJ, Winstrup M, Cole-Dai J, Ferris D, McConnell JR, Taylor KC, Welten KC, Woodruff TE, Adolphi F, Bisiaux M, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Caffee MW, Dunbar NW, Edwards R, Geng L, Iverson N, Koffman B, Layman L, Maselli OJ, McGwire K, Muscheler R, Nishiizumi K, Pasteris DR, Rhodes RH, Sowers TA. 2016. The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology -Part 2: Annual-layer counting (0.31 ka BP). Climate of the Past, 12, p. 769-786. doi: 10.5194/cp-12-769-2016. (doi:10.5194/cp-12-769-2016)
  11. Cole‐Dai, J., Ferris, D. G., Kennedy, J. A., Sigl, M., McConnell, J. R., Fudge, T. J., … Souney, J. M. (2021). Comprehensive Record of Volcanic Eruptions in the Holocene (11,000 years) From the WAIS Divide, Antarctica Ice Core. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(7). (doi:10.1029/2020jd032855)
  12. Liu, P., Kaplan, J. O., Mickley, L. J., Li, Y., Chellman, N. J., Arienzo, M. M., … McConnell, J. R. (2021). Improved estimates of preindustrial biomass burning reduce the magnitude of aerosol climate forcing in the Southern Hemisphere. Science Advances, 7(22), eabc1379. (doi:10.1126/sciadv.abc1379)
  13. Sigl, M., McConnell, J. R., Layman, L., Maselli, O., McGwire, K., Pasteris, D., … Kipfstuhl, S. (2013). A new bipolar ice core record of volcanism from WAIS Divide and NEEM and implications for climate forcing of the last 2000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(3), 1151–1169. (doi:10.1029/2012jd018603)
  14. Grieman, M. M., Aydin, M., Fritzsche, D., McConnell, J. R., Opel, T., Sigl, M., & Saltzman, E. S. (2017). Aromatic acids in a Eurasian Arctic ice core: a 2600-year proxy record of biomass burning. Climate of the Past, 13(4), 395–410. (doi:10.5194/cp-13-395-2017)
  15. Cole-Dai, J., D.G. Ferris, A.L. Lanciki, J. Savarino, and J.R. McConnell (2013) Two climate-impacting volcanic eruptions in the 1450s C.E. found in a bipolar, sub-annually dated 800-year ice core record, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7459-7466. (doi:10.1002/jgrd.50587)
  16. Grieman, M. M., Greaves, J., & Saltzman, E. S. (2015). A method for analysis of vanillic acid in polar ice cores. Climate of the Past, 11(2), 227–232. (doi:10.5194/cp-11-227-2015)
  17. Beckstead, A. A., Zhang, Y., Hilmer, J. K., Smith, H. J., Bermel, E., Foreman, C. M., & Kohler, B. (2017). Ultrafast Excited-State Deactivation of the Bacterial Pigment Violacein. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 121(33), 7855–7861. (doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05769)
  18. Aydin, M., Fudge, T. J., Verhulst, K. R., Nicewonger, M. R., Waddington, E. D., & Saltzman, E. S. (2014). Carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis in Antarctic ice cores and an atmospheric history for the last 8000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(13), 8500–8514. (doi:10.1002/2014jd021618)