Project Information
Long-Term Ecological Research on the Antarctic Marine Ecosystem: An Ice-Dominated Environment
Start Date:
End Date:
The annual advance and retreat of pack ice may be the major physical determinant of spatial and temporal changes in the structure and function of antarctic marine communities. Interannual cycles and/or trends in the annual extent of pack ice may also have significant effects on all levels of the food web, from total annual primary production to breeding success in seabirds. Historical records indicate a six to eight year cycle in the maximum extent of pack ice in the winter. During this decade, winters were colder in 1980 and 1981, and again in 1986 and 1987. Winter-over survival in Adelie penguins varied on the same cycle, higher in winters with heavy pack ice. This Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) project will define ecological processes linking the extent of annual pack ice with the biological dynamics of different trophic levels within antarctic marine communities. The general focus is on interannual variability in representative populations from the antarctic marine food web and on mechanistic linkages that control the observed variability in order to develop broader generalizations applicable to other large marine environments. To achieve these objectives, data from several spatial and temporal scales, including remote sensing, a field approach that includes an annual monitoring program, a series of process-oriented research cruises, and a modeling effort to provide linkages on multiple spatial and temporal scales between biological and environmental components of the ecosystem will be employed.
Person Role
Smith, Raymond Investigator
Ross, Robin Macurda Investigator
Fraser, William Investigator
Martinson, Douglas Investigator
Ducklow, Hugh Investigator
Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Award # 9632763
Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Award # 9011927
Deployment Type
NBP0105 ship expedition
NBP9302 ship expedition
Data Management Plan
None in the Database
Product Level:
Not provided
Repository Title (link) Format(s) Status
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
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R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition Data None exist
R2R Expedition data of NBP0105 None exists
  1. Kim, H., Doney, S. C., Iannuzzi, R. A., Meredith, M. P., Martinson, D. G., & Ducklow, H. W. (2016). Climate forcing for dynamics of dissolved inorganic nutrients at Palmer Station, Antarctica: An interdecadal (1993-2013) analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121(9), 2369–2389. (doi:10.1002/2015jg003311)
  2. Cimino, M. A., Patterson‐Fraser, D. L., Stammerjohn, S., & Fraser, W. R. (2019). The interaction between island geomorphology and environmental parameters drives Adélie penguin breeding phenology on neighboring islands near Palmer Station, Antarctica. Ecology and Evolution, 9(16), 9334–9349. (doi:10.1002/ece3.5481)
  3. Kim, H., Ducklow, H. W., Abele, D., Ruiz Barlett, E. M., Buma, A. G. J., Meredith, M. P., … Schloss, I. R. (2018). Inter-decadal variability of phytoplankton biomass along the coastal West Antarctic Peninsula. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 376(2122), 20170174. (doi:10.1098/rsta.2017.0174)
  4. Schofield, O., Saba, G., Coleman, K., Carvalho, F., Couto, N., Ducklow, H., … Waite, N. (2017). Decadal variability in coastal phytoplankton community composition in a changing West Antarctic Peninsula. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 124, 42–54. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2017.04.014)
  5. Walker, C. C., & Gardner, A. S. (2017). Rapid drawdown of Antarctica’s Wordie Ice Shelf glaciers in response to ENSO/Southern Annular Mode-driven warming in the Southern Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 476, 100–110. (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.08.005)
  6. Moreau, S., Mostajir, B., Bélanger, S., Schloss, I. R., Vancoppenolle, M., Demers, S., & Ferreyra, G. A. (2015). Climate change enhances primary production in the western Antarctic Peninsula. Global Change Biology, 21(6), 2191–2205. (doi:10.1111/gcb.12878)
  7. Soppa, M. A., Dinter, T., Taylor, B. B., & Bracher, A. (2013). Satellite derived euphotic depth in the Southern Ocean: Implications for primary production modelling. Remote Sensing of Environment, 137, 198–211. (doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.06.017)

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