Dataset Information
Detecting climate signals in populations: case of emperor penguin
Data DOI:
Cite as
Jenouvrier, S. (2022) "Detecting climate signals in populations: case of emperor penguin" U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) Data Center. doi:
AMD - DIF Record(s)
Climate impacts are not always easily discerned in wild populations as detecting climate change signals in populations is challenged by stochastic noise associated with natural climate variability, variability in biotic and abiotic processes, and observation error in demographic rates. Detection of the impact of climate change on populations requires making a formal distinction between signals in the population associated with long-term climate trends from those generated by stochastic noise. The time of emergence (ToE) identifies when the signal of anthropogenic climate change can be quantitatively distinguished from natural climate variability. This concept has been applied extensively in the climate sciences, but has not been explored in the context of population dynamics. In Jenouvrier et al. (Global Change Biology, accepted), we outline an approach to detecting climate-driven signals in populations based on an assessment of when climate change drives population dynamics beyond the envelope characteristic of stochastic variations in an unperturbed state. This data set is the code of a theoretical assessment of the time of emergence of climate-driven signals in population dynamics. We identify the dependence of time of emergence in populations on the magnitude of both trends and variability in climate and also explore the effect of intrinsic demographic controls on the time of emergence in population. We demonstrate that different life histories (fast species vs. slow species), demographic processes (survival, reproduction) and the relationships between climate and demographic rates, yield population dynamics that filter climate trends and variability differently. In Jenouvrier et al. (accepted), we also illustrate empirically how to detect the point in time when anthropogenic signals in populations emerge from stochastic noise for a species threatened by climate change: the emperor penguin. This data set also includes a detailed Table and code to analyze those results.
Date Created:
USAP-DC (current)
Spatial Extent(s)
West: -180, East: 180, South: -90, North: -60
  1. Jenouvrier S., Long M., Coste C.F.D, Holland M., Gamelon M., Yoccoz N.G., Sæther B-E. Detecting climate signals in populations across life histories. Submitted to Global Change Biology. (doi:10.1111/gcb.16041)
Supplemental Docs
Data Files
594.0 MB

MD5 Checksum: 17353c92cf1d20b34f122c7ae0c843ef File Type: Microsoft Excel (OpenXML); Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF); Readme Text File; MatLab

This dataset has been downloaded 4 times since March 2017 (based on unique date-IP combinations)