Dataset Information
Cardiac metabolism in Antarctic fishes in response to an acute increase in temperature
Data DOI:
Cite as
O'Brien, K. (2020) "Cardiac metabolism in Antarctic fishes in response to an acute increase in temperature" U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP) Data Center. doi:
AMD - DIF Record(s)
Studies in temperate fishes provide evidence that cardiac mitochondrial function and the capacity to fuel cardiac work contribute to thermal tolerance. Here, we tested the hypothesis that decreased cardiac aerobic metabolic capacity contributes to the lower thermal tolerance of the haemoglobinless Antarctic icefish, Chaenocephalus aceratus, compared with that of the red-blooded Antarctic species, Notothenia coriiceps. Maximal activities of citrate synthase (CS) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), respiration rates of isolated mitochondria, adenylate levels and changes in mitochondrial protein expression were quantified from hearts of animals held at ambient temperature or exposed to their critical thermal maximum (CTmax). Compared with C. aceratus, activity of CS, ATP concentration and energy charge were higher in hearts of N. coriiceps at ambient temperature and CTmax While state 3 mitochondrial respiration rates were not impaired by exposure to CTmax in either species, state 4 rates, indicative of proton leakage, increased following exposure to CTmax in C. aceratus but not N. coriiceps The interactive effect of temperature and species resulted in an increase in antioxidants and aerobic metabolic enzymes in N. coriiceps but not in C. aceratus Together, our results support the hypothesis that the lower aerobic metabolic capacity of C. aceratus hearts contributes to its low thermal tolerance.
Date Created:
USAP-DC (current)
  1. O’Brien, K.M., A.S. Rix, S. Egginton, A.P. Farrell, E.L. Crockett, K. Schlauch, R. Woolsey, M. Hoffman, and S. Merriman. (2018). Cardiac mitochondrial metabolism may contribute to differences in thermal tolerance of red- and white-blooded Antarctic notothenioid fishes. Journal of Experimental Biology 221. jeb 177816. (doi:10.1242/jeb.177816)
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